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There are a number of treatments available to help you manage and control your diabetes. Everybody is different, so treatment will vary depending on your own individual needs.
If you have Type 1 diabetes, you will need to treat the condition with insulin, whereas if you have Type 2, you may initially be able to manage your condition with diet and exercise.
Your GP or a healthcare professional can help you find the right treatment to suit you and your lifestyle.
Tablets and medication
Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition, and over time you may need medication to help manage your blood sugar levels.
Everyone with Type 1 diabetes, and some people with Type 2 diabetes, need to take insulin to control blood sugar levels (also called blood glucose levels).
Insulin is a hormone made in your pancreas, which lies just behind your stomach. It helps our bodies use glucose for energy. Everyone with Type 1 diabetes and some people with Type 2 diabetes need to take insulin – either by injection or a pump – to control their blood glucose levels (also called blood sugar levels).
Insulin is injected using a syringe and needle, or an insulin pen or needle. The needles used are very small as the insulin only needs to be injected under the skin (subcutaneously) – not into a muscle or vein. Once it’s been injected, it soaks into small blood vessels and is taken into the bloodstream. As your confidence grows and you become more relaxed, injections will get easier and soon become second nature.
The most frequently used injection sites are the thighs, buttocks and abdomen. You may be able to inject into your upper arms, but check with your diabetes team first as this isn’t always suitable. As all these areas cover a wide skin area, you should inject at different sites within each of them. It is important to rotate injection sites, as injecting into the same place can cause a build up of lumps under the skin (also known as lipohypertrophy), which make it harder for your body to absorb and use the insulin properly.
Source: Diabetes UK (https://www.diabetes.org.uk/)